Pediatric dentistry is the specialty of dentistry that treats dental problems in children from infancy to adolescence. The pediatric dentist performs dental procedures on the milk teeth and these procedures influence the development of definitive teeth.
The work of a dentist in a pediatric dental clinic Burnsville MN involves exploring and treating children with dental challenges. During these visits, he examines the teeth for possible anomalies in the position of jaws and teeth, he also reviews teeth injuries in children, places sealants and performs pulpotomy or pulpectomy.
In some cases, a pediatric dentist might encounter more serious dental abnormalities such as alterations in the number and shape of teeth, the absence of definitive teeth, supernumerary dentition or teeth with abnormal sizes.
Tips to prevent tooth decay in children.
Bottle cavities are caused by the misuse of the pacifier. This is because the pacifier is used improperly to calm children when they cry.
To prevent bottle caries in children, we must follow some tips:
1. Do not wet the pacifier in honey, sugar or sweet foods.
2. Brush the baby/child’s teeth daily.
3. Clean your baby’s gums after each meal (in case his/her teeth have not come out yet).
4. Take your baby to the dentist if you notice an anomaly.
5. Don’t let your baby fall asleep with a bottle in mouth.
In children with developmental problems, it is advisable that they go to the pediatric dentist as soon as possible. It is advisable that they undergo revisions as they develop. The most common dental procedures in children are the application of sealants, pulpotomies and the treatment of fractured teeth when they fall.
Treatment of Common Pediatric Dental Problems.
1.Trauma in the teeth as a result of falls.
In these falls, the central incisors are usually affected. If the tooth is lost during the fall, it should be stored in milk, serum or saliva. The pediatric dentist will then attempt to restore it back into the socket. If the tooth is fractured for less than 2mm and the pulp is mildly damaged, it will be coated. However, if the lesion is greater than 2mm and more than 12 hours have passed, a pulpotomy and reconstruction of the tooth will be done. A totally avulsed tooth can also be reimplanted if the time between injury and treatment is within an hour.
Sealants help to preserve the bulk of the tooth tissue. They are commonly used to prevent decay in children. The process involves the application of a plastic material on the biting surface of the tooth to prevent the development of cavities.
In primary teeth with large caries affecting the pulp, a pulpotomy or pulpectomy is usually recommended. Pulpotomy is the partial removal of the pulp (the nerve and blood vessels within the tooth) and its replacement with a biocompatible material. Pulpectomy, on the other hand, is the complete removal of the pulp and its replacement with a biocompatible material. Both procedures require the dentist to take an x-ray so as to observe the extent of caries.