The Risk of An Allergy


General Article / Sunday, November 26th, 2017

With food allergies ranging from hypersensitivity to hazardous, more parents have taken to allergy testing naperville ilAllergies today affect about 20 to 35 percent of children and adolescents, and while not all are serious, some can be fatal.

The most common allergens are pollens (pollen), dust mites, animal hair, food and insecticides, but many substances can act as allergens. Various organs can be affected by an allergic reaction, the course of treatment varies. In the first two years of life food allergies and skin diseases outweigh most other allergies.

Emergence of an Allergy

Inheritance plays a major role in the development of allergies. The more first-degree relatives (father, mother, sibling) have allergic symptoms, the greater the risk of allergies to the offspring. If both parents have hay fever, there is an approximately 80 percent risk that their common child will develop an allergy; if only one parent is affected, the risk is still 30 percent. However, it is not foreseeable which form of allergy the child will develop. If no family allergies are known, the risk is around 15 percent.

However, it is not a specific allergy, such as hay fever or bronchial asthma inherited. A newborn baby does not yet have a fully developed defense system, and only gradually does the body learn to protect itself against an increasing number of foreign substances. The first preventive measures should start early in life.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis may be more difficult in children than in adults. Important are family histories. Sometimes the connection between the cause and the symptoms is obvious, for example asthma after cat contact. The type of discomfort also plays a role: is it episodic, periodic, or seasonal. Keeping a complaint calendar can be very helpful.

There are various allergy tests available for diagnosis, and generally, an allergy test is recommended from the age of 3 years, but only if there is a reasonable suspicion of a specific allergy. With skin tests (prick test, intra-cutaneous test) and immunological tests from a blood sample, individual allergies can be searched more precisely.

Symptoms

In the case of an allergy, there is a strong reaction in which highly effective biochemical substances such as histamine are released. This leads to a series of reactions in the body: This can manifest itself as rash, hay fever or asthma, in severe cases it can – especially in insect venom allergy – to a anaphylactic shock with acute respiratory distress and cardiovascular failure. Therefore, patients with, for example, a wasp or bee allergy should always have an emergency epi-pen.

Many people also suffer from food allergies. Important food allergens vary from dairy products, eggs, cereals, fish, meat, fruits, and peanuts. And other ingredients in foods can cause allergic and pseudo-allergic reactions, like mold, preservatives, and additives.

Prevention of Allergies

The prevention of allergies has been the focus of many studies for decades. Doctors says breastfeeding and hypoallergenic foods has proven to be protective until the child’s sixth month of life. Antihistamines and anti-allergic drugs are available as tablets, drops or sprays, but the most important preventive measure is having allergy testing completed.

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