The manual manipulation of muscles, tendons, connective tissues, and ligaments is referred to as massage therapy. The process enhances the person’s health and well-being. Massage therapy serves many purposes, ranging from stress and anxiety reduction, muscle relaxation, injuries rehabilitation, pain reduction and just promoting overall health and wellness of a person. Another end product is the stimulation of circulation and body system tonification.
To be able to carry out the functions mentioned above, massage manipulates the soft tissues of the body that is, the muscles, tendons, and ligaments. The massage therapist uses his hands to treat and detect physical and emotional problems of a patient. For a therapist to know the conditions of the tissues and the sources of pain, he or she strokes the massages the patient’s body with hisher hands. Massage uses two major working mechanisms. The mechanical action is the first one, and it occurs when there is the application of pressure and movement of the muscles and the soft tissues. This process cleanses the acids and deposits in these tissues thereby breaking up fibrous tissue and loosening stiff joints.
The other working mechanism is the reflex which comes about when treatment of one part of the body affects another part of the body. Pulses travel from one part of the body to the other through the nervous system, and hence this is made possible. This mechanism works in such a way that, a therapist can apply pressure on the patients back to treat leg problems. Therapeutic massage offers health benefits while relaxation massage has a happy ending tied to it.
Many different types of massage therapy exist. Some examples are sport, pregnancy, reflexology, deep tissue and hot stone massages. All these are different and since therapeutic needs vary from person-to-person and from day-to-day, different people require different types of massages. For one to identify the best message to go for, one needs to comprehend the different strokes applied in each.
Gentle massage induces relaxation and a sense of well-being to the patient. This is a result of stimulation of nerve endings in the skin. For the person to have the feel-good sensation, the nerves release the endorphins and inhibits the stress hormones. On the other hand, stronger massage concentrates more on the circulatory system. The result of this is the enhancement of the oxygen and nutrient supply to tissues and hence relaxes them. They also enhance the lymphatic system which transports waste products, which cause pain and muscle stiffness, away from the tissues. All in all, massage therapy aims at enhancing the well-being of a person.