How is an illness first noticeable? When it comes to prostate cancer Naperville IL doctors say most men don’t recognize the signs or symptoms. The earlier the prostate cancer is detected, the better it can be treated and even cured. If the cancer is still in the early stages, i.e., for example, limited to the prostate, the chances of recovery are relatively favorable.
What Is The Prostate?
The prostate gland is about the size of a chestnut, and during the life of a man, the gland grows steadily from the age of 40 years. This is a normal process called benign prostate enlargement.
Of particular importance is getting a rectal examination, which is extremely important for the early detection of prostate cancer. The prostate is directly in front of the rectum and doctors can feel the size and condition of the prostate with a finger, detecting a prostate carcinoma even at an early stage. But many men avoid this exam.
The causes that lead to prostate cancer are not fully understood, but there are a number of factors that can contribute, like hormonal changes, heredity, harmful lifestyle choices, nutrition and age. First-degree relatives, like the father, son, or brother of patients with prostate cancer are at least twice as likely to be affected with the disease. And If two or more close blood relatives are affected, the probability increases.
The risk for prostate cancer also impacts different ethnic groups, like African Americans, where prostate cancer is more common, and Scandinavian men are most commonly affected by prostate cancer across the globe.
It’s the most common male cancer in Western countries, and the third most common cause of cancer death, and the incidence increases with age.
Signs And Symptoms To Look For
At the beginning of the disease, virtually no symptoms are evident. Prostate cancer often occurs in the outer regions of the gland and does not affect the urethra until the cancer is quite large. There are non-specific symptoms like frequent urination, but men might also notice blood in the urine, or pain, which may indicate a later stage of the disease.
Exams Are Crucial
The earlier the prostate cancer is detected, the better it is treatable. Since it often causes symptoms only in the late stages, it is important to go regularly for check-ups.
During screenings for prostate cancer, the doctor will interview the respective patient, inquiring about family history, symptoms and complaints that could help determine a diagnosis. Questions will range from Do you have problems urinating? Do ejaculations cause pain to Are there any erection problems or blood in the urine or stool.
The examination itself is completely painless. In addition to a physical exam, the doctor will perform a blood test to measure PSA values, and perhaps a biopsy. The tests are examined and evaluated to determine a diagnosis.
Every year, hundreds of thousands of men are confronted with a cancer diagnosis, but the earlier it’s discovered, the better the outcome. Never ignore signs or symptoms and have regular checkups.